Cairo: Capital of Egypt…. population 20 Millions——almost at middle of Egypt
Egypt great Pyramid
Great Pyramid of Giza Facts
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. It took approximately 20 years to build and has three burial chambers inside. When it was originally built (in approximately 2550 BC) it was almost 147 meters tall. Today, because of erosion, it is only about 139 meters tall. If you visit Egypt today you can enter the Great Pyramid through the Robbers’ Tunnel.
Interesting Great Pyramid of Giza Facts:
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of all Seven Wonders of the World.
This pyramid is the largest of all three pyramids that border El Giza, Egypt and it is also the largest pyramid ever built.
The pyramid was built with about 2.3 million stone blocks and it is thought to weigh 5.9 million tonnes.
The ancient name of the Great Pyramid of Giza was Khufu’s Horizon.
This pyramid is the only one in Egypt known to have passages inside that go up and go down. If you wanted to visit the king’s chamber you would have to walk down, all the way, bent over.
The Great Pyramid of Giza once had a swivel door at the entrance. It weighed about 20 tonnes and could easily be pushed open from the inside. On the outside it was very hard to find because it fit perfectly. There are only two other pyramids known to have had swivel doors. One was Khufu’s father’s pyramid and the other was his grandfather’s pyramid.
The mortar that was used to build the pyramid cannot be reproduced today. Even though it has been analyzed they still can’t make it. It is stronger than the stone that was used to build the pyramid and is still in place today.
There has been no writing or hieroglyphics found inside the Great Pyramid of Giza.
This pyramid is the only one to have been built with concave sides. This means that all four side curve in slightly.
If we tried to build an exact replica of this pyramid it would not be possible. We do not have the precise technology that the ancient Egyptians had that was necessary to build this pyramid.
There were three burial chambers inside. One of the chambers was built into the bedrock underground. The queen’s chamber was higher and the king’s chamber was the highest. Khufu didn’t intend to use the queen’s chamber for any of his wives. It is thought that he intended to use it for a statue of himself.
The Cairo Museum or as the tourist Call it Egyptian Museum contains the world’s most extensive collection of pharaonic antiquities; no doubt that the visit to Egypt is not complete without a trip through its galleries. The Museum original collection was established in the late 19th century under Auguste Mariette and housed in a palce called Boulaq. The were antiquities moved in 1891 to the palace of Ismail Pasha in Giza before being transferred in 1902 to the current building at Tahrir Square, which is the first purpose-built museum edifice in the world.
The Egyptian museum been Designed in the Neoclassical style by Marcel Dourgnon, the Egyptian Museum boasts 107 halls filled with artifacts dating from the prehistoric through the Roman periods, with the majority of the collection focused on the pharaonic era. The museum houses approximately 160,000 objects covering 5,000 years of Egypt’s history.
The ground floor takes the visitor on a chronological tour through the collections, while the objects on the upper floor are grouped according to tomb or category; exhibits here include the treasures of Tutankhamun, wooden models of daily life, and a rare group of Faiyum Portraits. On display on the second floor are also many of the New Kingdom royal mummies.
The Egyptian government planing to built a new museum near the Pyramids area. they call it the Grand Museum of Egypt. the plane is going to be open air museum.